Dry or itchy skin can be common as you get older and can make you feel quite miserable.
It can increase the risk of having a skin tear, make you feel anxious and can even keep you up at night. The good news is that there are some simple things you can do each day to treat dry or itchy skin.
This webpage gives you tips on how to manage dry or itchy skin and which treatments might help. It also covers other steps you can take to help keep your skin healthy as you get older.
Moisturising regularly is one of the best treatments for dry or itchy skin. As older skin can be thinner, it also helps prevent skin tears. In fact, Australian research has found that men and women who apply an appropriate moisturiser twice a day halve their chance of having a skin tear.
There are many different types of moisturisers and some are more suitable than others. Ask your GP or pharmacist about which moisturiser might suit you best.
Moisturisers such as QV skin lotion®, Alpha Keri Lotion® are available to DVA gold card and some white and orange card holders through the Repatriation Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme (RPBS). Talk to your GP about the best treatment for you. There might be other types of creams or medicines your GP can prescribe for dry or itchy skin.
Dry itchy skin can be made worse by certain triggers such as soaps, perfumes, cosmetics, detergents, certain clothing, stress and infection. Think about which products you have recently changed and try avoiding them.
As you get older, it can become more common to get a skin tear. A skin tear is where the outer layer of skin peels back and looks like a flap. It can happen from simply knocking your arm on a chair, or catching your arm on a plant while out gardening. The best prevention is to moisturise twice a day. However, if you do get a skin tear see your GP. Your GP or a nurse can check the wound is clean and give you advice on how to look after it and how to safely remove the dressing.
If your skin becomes inflamed your doctor might also prescribe a corticosteroid product (a cortisone cream, lotion or ointment) for short periods, e.g. 2 to 4 weeks, when the skin becomes inflamed. If your skin is not improving after this time return to your GP who will reassess your treatment.
Be aware that corticosteroid creams are NOT moisturisers. Keep using your moisturiser twice a day to get the best result from your treatment.
You’ll get the most benefit from a corticosteroid medicine by using the correct amount. The best way to measure the correct amount is the fingertip unit. That’s the amount of cream or ointment squeezed from a tube to cover the tip of your index finger to its first crease.
The number of fingertip units required will depend on the size of the area being treated (see Figure 3). Make sure you spread the cream or ointment as advised by your doctor or pharmacist.
In Australia, skin cancer accounts for about 80% of all newly diagnosed cancers which is one of the highest rates in the world. Take steps to protect your skin and talk to your GP about having an annual skin check.